A HISTORY OF BASKETBALL
Basketball was invented by a Canadian Dr James Naismith at
Springfield College, Massachusetts. The College was the International
YMCA Training School. The game was invented to provide an
indoor activity for trainee YMCA Leaders. For the first game
peach baskets were nailed at each end of the gymnasium.
1892 The first set of rules were published
and distributed throughout the YMCA movement. The name was
called after the first goals - Basketball. Through the YMCA
movement the game spread rapidly in the USA and Canada.
1892 Basketball was first played in England
at Birkenhead YMCA. The Club President, Mr C.J. Proctor had
seen the game on a business trip to Canada. The game was developed
in Merseyside area.
1893 Madame Berman Osterberg introduced
the game to students at her Physical Training College in Hampstead
(later Dartford College of P.E.). Changes to the game were
made which lead to the first rules of Netball being published
1898 First professional league established
in the USA. Won by Trenton a former YMCA team.
1911 Basketball was first played at Birmingham
1924 Basketball was introduced as a demonstration
sport at the Paris Olympic Games. Great Britain won the title.
They were represented by London Central YMCA who were the
National YMCA Champions.
1927 Harlem Globetrotters were formed by
London born Abe Saperstein.
1932 The International Basketball Federation
(FIBA) was formed in Geneva, Switzerland. William Jones -
a Welshman was elected Secretary, a post he held until 1976.
The English Basketball Association was formed at a meeting
at London Central YMCA.
1936 Hoylake YMCA lifted the prestigious
George Williams Trophy as they won the inaugural National
Championship Final, 32 - 21, against London Polytechnic in
1936 A Basketball tournament for men was
included in the Olympic Games for the first time. This was
won by the USA who beat Canada in the final which was played
outside in the rain.
1938 England played their first International
fixture. The match was against Germany in Lille (France) and
resulted in a win for England by 45 - 37.
1949 The NBA (National Basketball Association)
was formed in the USA. This has become the most high profile
and best professional Basketball league in the world.
1957 The English Schools Basket Ball Association
1972 Perhaps the most memorable basketball
match of all time took place, the 1972 Men’s Olympic
Final between the USA and USSR, won famously by the USSR (51
- 50) in the final seconds of the game. The silver medals
remain in a Munich bank vault as the vanquished Americans
declined to accept them.
1972 The English National Basketball League
for Men was established. Contested by six teams, the first
title was won by the Avenue Club from London.
1975 The English National Basketball League
for Women was formed. The first title was won by the Tigers
1976 Basketball for Women's Teams is included
in the Olympic Games for the first time. The USSR won gold.
1992 Professional players from the NBA were
permitted to play in the Olympic Tournament. The "Dream
Team" from the USA beat Croatia in the Final.
1997 The NBA expands with the formation
of the Women’s National Basketball Association.
January, The Harlem Globetrotters, the world famous American
Team of ‘Entertainers’ play their 20,000th game
in Remington, Indiana.
1999 A record 219 teams enter EBBA National
League Competitions from Cadet (U16) to Senior level. In addition
another 100 clubs are expected to compete at Passerelle level
(U13, U14, U15).
2000 England Basketball international John
Amaechi is elected into the NBA Hall of Fame for scoring the
first basket in the NBA in the new millennium for his team,
2001 The International Basketball Federation
(FIBA) reach 211 member nations, the second largest of all
the world’s governing bodies.
BASKETBALL FACTS AND FIGURES